“We have put together a young and hungry team with fantastic prospects.
Bayern Munich made certain of the runners-up spot — and a place in the Champions League 12bet group stage next season — with a 2-1 home win over Stuttgart who could have overtaken the deposed champions.
An own goal from Khalid Boulahrouz on 16 gave Bayern the lead and Mark van Bommel made it 2-0 on the hour. Grafite’s second of the game 11 minutes into the second half and a fifth from highly-rated Edin Dzeko after 74 capped a memorable occasion for Wolfsburg.
“I think that VfL will be in the running for the title in the future too,” said an emotional Magath. Mario Gomez pulled one back three minutes later, but Bayern held on.
Arminia Bielefeld and Karlsruhe were relegated while Energie Cottbus’ 3-0 win over Bayer Leverkusen means they face a two-legged play-off against the team which finishes third in the second tier for a top flight slot next season.
“It’s completely mad to have won the championship and got the record,” said Dzeko.”It’s a great feeling – we will celebrate all night long.”
Winning the ‘salad bowl’ is a fitting send-off for coach Felix Magath, who was overseeing his final game in charge before joining Schalke next season. And leaving now will be very difficult.”
(CNN) — Wolfsburg sparked wild celebrations when they clinched their first German Bundesliga crown after thrashing beaten UEFA Cup finalists Werder Bremen 5-1 on Saturday.
Wolfsburg spark the club’s first championship celebrations with a final-day thrashing of Werder Bremen.
The game was effectively settled after 26 minutes when Sebastian Proedl’s own goal put the hosts 3-0 up after strikes from Zvejezdan Misimovic after six minutes and Grafite on 15.
Diego pulled one back after 31 minutes for Bremen who looked weary from their extra-time defeat to Shakhtar Donetsk on Wednesday night.
Bosnia’s Dzeko and Brazil’s Grafite have scored 54 goals between them this season to break the previous record set by Bayern Munich’s Gerd Muller and Uli Hoeness in the 1970s..
“It’s a dream, I never believed we had the chance to win the title, but the boys deserve it
While trying to explain what he acknowledged were two very cheap goals, Wenger pointed to West Ham being further advanced in its preparation for the season. After all, Slaven Bilic’s side had already played three rounds of Europa League m88 football.
Looked at dispassionately, losing the first of 38 games means nothing.
But it’s just too tempting.
Given Courtois’ automatic suspension, Chelsea fans will have left Stamford Bridge on Saturday with even longer faces and even bigger regrets after Petr Cech was allowed to move to Arsenal.
Wenger was factually correct. And the extent to which it is already playing mind games can be gauged from the comments made afterward by defender Per Mertesacker.
More important is the fact that Sunday’s defeat already puts Arsenal under an unwelcome degree of pressure ahead of this weekend’s game against Crystal Palace.
It may not have been a slick performance, and there was more sideways passing than is usually welcomed by the Old Trafford faithful, but United looked a very sharp unit at times.
And Aston Villa probably won’t either, for that matter.
And it promises to be a tight game. Though Chelsea lacked the rhythm that will come as the season progresses, Jose Mourinho’s side still showed plenty of power and attacking intent against Swansea – particularly whenever Willian or Eden Hazard were on the ball.
With four new signings in the starting lineup and a fifth – Bastian Schweinsteiger – coming on in the second half, United should have looked pretty disjointed in the middle and vulnerable at the back against Tottenham.
With a nervous Manchester United needing an own goal by Kyle Walker to beat Tottenham, Manchester City was by far the most convincing of English football’s Big Four with its 3-0 win at West Bromwich Albion.
LONDON (AP) It is, of course, much too early to try to read something into the first round of matches in a Premier League season that has another 37 games and more than eight months to run.
. But whether taking on the likes of Birkirkara from the Maltese Premier League and Astra Giurgiu of Romania counts as preparation for facing one of the best sides in Europe is a moot point.
It’s a far cry from the relative optimism that Louis van Gaal’s new-look United should be taking to Aston Villa in the first of the season’s Friday night fixtures.
Arsenal had a good domestic season in 2014-15, finishing third in the league and winning a second consecutive FA Cup. The major disappointment came from a poor start – with just two wins from the opening eight league games – that effectively dashed any realistic hopes of winning the title.
Add the 49 million pounds ($76 million) paid to Liverpool for Raheem Sterling and the goalscoring talent of Sergio Aguero, and it’s not difficult to see the potential for a third league trophy in five seasons.
Right back Matteo Darmian and defensive midfielder Morgan Schneiderlin both made promising debuts, although it’s open to question whether Wayne Rooney is best used as a target man, rather than as a marauding No. 10.
Or of an early title claim when Chelsea coming visiting on Sunday.
For a man who makes very few mistakes in a season, two blunders after less than an hour is certainly a worrying start, and was enough to consign Arsene Wenger’s side to an embarrassing 2-0 home defeat to West Ham.
Especially as some of the surprises in an entertaining start will clearly have an impact on the coming weekend’s action – at least for Chelsea and Arsenal.
Yet Mertesacker went so far as to describe Sunday’s upset as ”a massive loss”, adding that ”to start with a game like that is not good, but to bounce back is even more important now.”
New signing Asmir Begovic, whose first touch was to pick the ball out of the Chelsea net after Gomis had converted the resulting penalty, should make his full debut for the champions at Etihad Stadium.
Neither was the case.
About 24 hours later, those opinions may have been revised with the 33-year-old’s calamitous league debut for his new club.
The Blues now face one of their toughest games of the season – at Manchester City – without goalkeeper Thibaut Courtois, following the Belgian’s rash decision to clatter into Bafetimbi Gomis during its 2-2 home draw with Swansea.
When players like Yaya Toure, who scored twice at the Hawthorns, and David Silva are on the kind of form they showed Monday night, the 2012 and 2014 champions are an astonishingly good side.
Signing another striker, and resolving the future of goalkeeper and Real Madrid target David De Gea, would certainly do United no harm in the days ahead.
So Sunday turned into precisely the kind of nightmare that Arsenal had been determined to avoid
Have written for / appeared on BBC World Service, Radio 5 Live, ITV, When Saturday Comes, FourFourTwo and others. Ramsey however stayed diplomatic in his response, raving about the quality of both players without being able to pick one over the other.
“Obviously Gareth’s a lot more athletic; he can just knock the ball in behind you and get on the end of it, create things and score goals.
Aaron Ramsey, Alexis Sanchez, Arsenal, Chile, El Clasico, English Premier League, Football in Latin America, Gareth Bale, La Liga, Latest, New Balance, News, Real Madrid, Spanish Primera Division, Wales
About Jonathan F
The boss of this here… The pair have 84 caps between them. I’m just really happy to have them playing with me, one for Arsenal and one for Wales. Creator and Editor of Just-Football.com, world football analyst, writer, coach, scout and all-round enthusiast. Find me @JustFootball on Twitter.
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Arsenal star Aaron Ramsey has said it would be too difficult for him to choose between Alexis Sanchez and Real Madrid’s Gareth Bale.
Bale was in the Wales team when Ramsey made his international debut in 2008. Bale has scored 39 goals in 92 appearances for Real Madrid since joining fun88 in 2013.
Bale and Sanchez were El Clasico rivals not so long ago, with Real Madrid’s EUR100m signing a direct rival of former Barcelona star Alexis Sanchez in their La Liga days together.
“They’re two different players,” said Ramsey, who won the FA Cup with Sanchez in the Chilean’s first season at the club.
Who would you pick out of Alexis Sanchez and Gareth Bale? Let us know below, on Twitter @JustFootball or on our Just Football Facebook page.
“Alexis’ work rate, determination to succeed and win the ball back and score is quite sublime as well. Alexis Sanchez meanwhile is fresh off the back of winning the Copa America with Chile, the first time they’ve lifted the cup in the nation’s history.
Ramsey is in the rare position of having played with both, despite Bale’s stint at Arsenal’s big rivals Tottenham Hotspur. They’re great players and both fast players, and it’d be hard to say which one I’d choose.”
The 24-year-old midfielder was asked to pick between Arsenal team-mate Sanchez and Bale, his colleague at international level for Wales. To find out more about the boots head to newbalance.com/football or follow @NBFootball on Instagram.
Sanchez scored 25 goals in 52 appearances for Arsenal last season after signing for £35 million. The pair link up regularly for Wales, who currently top their Euro 2016 qualifying group and are now big favourites to qualify for the first European Championship finals in their history.. Aaron Ramsey was speaking at the launch of the New Balance Visaro and Furon boots, attended by Just Football
Barcelona is prepared to pay the reigning Premier League Player of the Year £160,000 per week for the next five years, but that would all be negated if his chompers find their way to another victim.
FC Barcelona’s offer for Suarez may have been bested, as m88 La Liga rivals Real Madrid are ready to shell out £90 million straight up for the Liverpool striker. It’s presumed that the Catalan giants will sweeten the deal with Chilean forward Alexis Sanchez along with a large sum of cash in exchange for Suarez.
This “no-bite” clause is the first of its kind in professional sports, but Suarez has been quite the repeat offender when it comes to biting opposing players. Regardless to whichever team Suarez is sold to, he is not allowed to participate in any organized soccer activities until October, as he has been suspended by FIFA for the next four months.
. Regardless of how you feel about him biting Otman Bakkal in 2011, Branislav Ivanovic last year or Giorgio Chiellini last week, Suarez is still a world class striker and perhaps one of the best players in today’s game. Liverpool is asking a minimum of £80 million for their star striker, despite his past liabilities, though Barcelona is expected to offer much less. That said, he makes any team instantly better as he is one of the best goal scorers out there. Top clubs in Europe are looking to buy Suarez from Liverpool FC, such as FC Barcelona and Real Madrid; but Barcelona aren’t willing to pay the Uruguayan star unless he signs a “no-bite clause” first.
FC Barcelona officials are reportedly negotiating a deal with Liverpool that would bring Suarez to Camp Nou. Madrid’s offer is not said to have a “no-bite clause” in the contract. Chiellini accepted Suarez’s apology all the while stating that he hoped his suspension would be reduced by FIFA.
Despite his disgracefully early exit from the World Cup in Brazil, Luis Suarez is still a highly sought after player on the transfer market. After initially claiming that he tripped, fell and landed teeth first on Chiellini’s shoulder during the World Cup match against Italy, Suarez apologized to his third biting victim on Monday, vowing that an occurrence such as this would never happen again
Messi was still able to get a shot on goal, but fell to the ground clutching his left knee. He was stretchered off the field, but Barcelona later announced that the injury was not serious, saying Messi only suffered a bruised knee.
Barcelona forward Lionel Messi scored two golazos in a 2-1 win against Real Betis on Sunday, helping his team to its 14th win this season and breaking Gerd Muller’s 40-year-old record for most goals scored in a single calendar year with 86.
Messi has also helped pace Barcelona to the best start ever in La Liga, winning 14 matches and only drawing one m88 game; good for 43 points, which gives Barça an 11-point lead over arch-rival Real Madrid.
With only a few weeks left in the year, the Barcelona forward could elevate his record if he continues with his prolific scoring rate – which includes 74 goals for Barcelona and 12 for his native Argentina. Almost a half hour later, he was one-on-one with Benfica keeper Artur, whose diving attempt at the ball awkwardly caught Messi’s left knee. However, there were fears last week that Messi’s year was done when he sustained an injury in a Champions League group phase match against Portuguese side Benfica.
The small Argentine, nicknamed “La Pulga,” or the Flea, didn’t take long to match the German’s record when he calmly slotted a left-footed shot into the low corner of the net in the 16th minute. The Catalan side has three games left in the season, two away and one at home.
Those two goals vaulted Messi past Muller, who set the record back in 1972 when he scored 85 goals for club team Bayern Munich, and his national side, West Germany.
In fact, the tenacious Messi made a quick turn around and went to the gym the very next day to continue training.. Nine minutes later, the record was his when he played Andrés Iniesta through on goal, only for the Spaniard to flick it back to Messi, who was more than obliged to rip it past Betis goalkeeper Adrian.
Messi and Barcelona next face second division side Cordoba in a Copa del Rey matchup on Wednesday.
Earlier this year, Messi had already surpassed Brazil’s legendary striker Pele, who scored 75 goals in 1959.
The 25-year-old striker started his day on the bench, but was called into action in the 58th minute
m88 some did single bets to win only. I decided to look for horses that were likely to finish “in the frame”. Once you start doing that you are just a punter. The horse that was certain to win was in the centre, because it was in four trebles.(vertical, horizontal , and the two diagonals). Fortunately the first horse was disqualified, so I got paid. Depending on the number of horses in the race you might win between a third and a fifth on your original stake. If this system works for you, and you want to show your appreciation, please make a donation to the Injured Jockeys Fund.
I never found two horses I was red hot confident on, let alone three!
A Yankee involved 4 horses and a Super Yankee 5 horses. If only one won he more than recovered his stake. The bets were all trebles. I always won.My horses never did.
I got tired of going to the betting shop, waiting for the odds, and going away without bettimg. The pattern betters seemed unable to change their patterns, so their last horse was usually a loser.
A successful better
I studied the punter who won on Patents. I noticed one punter used to bet on Patents where all the horses were at high odds.
To my mind, there was enormous difficulty in working out 3 or 4 or 5 horses which were all likely to win on the same day. I have other uses for my time. The newspapers carried betting forecasts but these were often wildly out. If the odds were good I would place my “each way” bet, and if they were not, I did not bet. They would be first second or third without doubt. He might see a horse forecast of 20-1 which actually started at 3 – 1, which was potentially disastrous.
I decided that betting at “starting price” when I did not know what the starting price would be was potential suicide. A Patent involved 3 horses. If all three won, he won so much that sometimes the shop manager paid him by cheque because we did not have enough cash in the betting shop.
One of his difficulties was that he worked. I had a system, the system worked, but I got fed up with a system that required such self discipline. He would come in at lunch time and bet, and come in to collect the next day if he won. Others did single “each way ” bets only. The temptation to bet just because I was in a betting shop was strong. Quite often the odds were too short for my “each way” bet to return a guaranteed profit, so I did not bet.
His other problem is that he did not know the odds. When he could, he bet a significant amount – more than I earned in a week.
I had a fright once, when my horse came in fourth. Not only did he bet with long odds, all the horses were “each way” bets, which meant that quite often he was successful even though every horse came second or third.
Quite a few were pattern betters. Quite often it was easy to find a horse that was likely to win, but the odds were poor because it was an obvious likely winner. I recognised that betting on three horses was potentially very profitable – but only if the horses did well.. If you bet £10 each way at 20 to 1, your “win” £10 might lose but your “place” £10 might win £50.
Nowadays I could do telephone betting from home, but if you are too successful the bookies bar you. He had to bet “starting price” but had no idea what the starting price would be.
I noticed that many punters used the same system all the time. A Union Jack involved 9 horses set out in 3 lines. The bets were a treble, 3 doubles, and 3 singles. They always did a Patent or a Yankee or a Super Yankee or a Union Jack. There were whole weeks when he did not come in, because he could not predict 3 horses at good odds. Provided the odds were good an “each way” bet was guaranteed to make a profit even if the horse did not win.
My horses never won – but I did
On my day off, if I had identified a horse that would end “in the frame”, I would go to a bookie and wait for the odds to come from the racecourse. An “each way” bet is two bets – one for a win and the other for a place including first.There was a formula.for the odds for a second or third on an “each way” bet. The cormer horses were in 3 trebles (horizontal vertical and one diagonal).It was called Union Jack because if you draw straight lines for the trebles you form a Union Jack pattern. I never saw a Union Jack win more than it had cost for the stake.
Source: http://www.onlinecasinosgames-onlinegamb… It is worthwhile to check the front of a slot machine before playing so that you know what type of slot game you are in for. Progressive slot machines are hugely popular among the gamers. All kinds of slot machines fulfill that and therefore progressive slot machines are available i
There are great articles on http://www.onlinecasinosgames-onlinegamb… In other words, there are more ways for you to win than simply a horizontal lining up of figures across the machine.
I take some of them to here. On a 3-reel slot machine, the odds of the jackpot image lining up on all three reels are 1 in 32,768! These odds decrease when there is a higher jackpot to be won. And just as there are more varieties of slot machines, there are more categories that those slot machines fit into.
These are slot machines that everyone loves, because there is absolutely no risk whatsoever to them! Every single online casino has a part of their casino software dedicated to people that want to play free games and while ostensibly this is so that people can test the software in preparation for depositing money into their accounts to play the real money games, at the same time there is really nothing stopping you from going ahead and utilizing the free slot machines to your heart’s content. Where you might see fifteen different types of slot machines in a large land-based casino, you will have over a hundred to choose from regularly at a typical online casino. The machines are owned and operated by the casino and the owner takes the share of winnings. Now there are more players in the field and there are much more games to choose from. The jackpot amount increases as more people play. While there might be a couple of types of blackjack and a number of different table games (i.e. This is not your cup of tea if you are playing for prolonging the game.
The odds of hitting the jackpot on a slot machine are fairly slim. These slot machines easily have the best graphics available of any slot machines on the market and what makes them unique is the fact that they tend to have multiple pay lines.
There are two levels of progressive jackpots. It is important to be aware of the new legislation and how it may affect you. The machine follows the same principles as the progressive slot machines and the payback is the same as other slot machines. about online slot machines. They became so popular and successful in the United States that they are now a prominent feature in any land or online casino. roulette, craps, war etc.) that might have just one type, the slot machines will literally have dozens of different varieties for you to choose from.
Casino slot machines are known by different names in different countries – they are known as slot machines in US casinos, poker machines in Australia and fruit machines in England. So wage for the maximum credit, you never know when you will turn lucky!
There are different types or classes of US slot machines. Spins are not pre-programmed in slot machines. So when you are choosing the machine check for both the levels before you begin. For more check the site. There are various restrictions placed on slot machine ownership and use in the United States and these vary depending on the state that you are in. There are two basic characteristics of slot machines:
Class II US slot machines:
- Players play against each other, not the house
- Players play for a common win
- A player must win to end the game
- Combinations of numbers cannot re-occur until new cards are installed
PROGRESSIVE SLOT MACHINES
The jackpot is a progressive one; a small percentage of money played adds to the jackpot amount, which can be viewed on the screen, until someone gets the winning combination. Free slot machines will usually be carbon copies of real slot machines, with the only difference of course being the fact that you do not need money to play them. Due to this the actual payback may be lesser for the other symbols and in some machines the actual payback may be less. The next time you visit a casino go play your luck with the progressive slot machine!
These are slot machines that are of the 3-reel and 5-reel varieties, although you will also see 7-reel video slot machines depending on where you decide to play. The reason being, you qualify for the jackpot only if you have placed a maximum bet! Now no one, especially not you, want to loose that jackpot, because you did not take the risk when it mattered.
Last, but certainly not least, are the progressive slot machines. I hope it helps. However, they still work on the same basic premise as the original machines.
Individual or Stand Alone machines are not linked to any other machine. The field for you to choose from has thus widened due to the huge wins that happen. Progressive slot machines are linked slot machines, which does not have a fixed jackpot. This is the machine that will make your dream! But due to the cost of linking involved the payback for the smaller symbols is less.
Progressive Slot Machines
Progressive slot machines are the most interesting of the slot machines in any gaming zone, for good reason. They also tend to have bonus rounds that you can use to get additional credits and will also have wild card and scatter symbols that you can use in conjunction with multiple pay lines to have a very nice payday indeed. Many of the computer-controlled machines still have a lever to pull, while others may simply have a button to push to start the game.
The biggest difference between the slot machines of today and the original machines is that slot machines these days are all computer-controlled. For more articles about online slot machines check http://www.onlinecasinosgames-onlinegambling.com/online-slots/
When you walk into a land-based casino, what you are going to find is that the slot machines have by far the greatest selection of anything in that casino. The primary level show the top prize to be won and secondary level is shown in a smaller screen, below the primary and hits more frequently.
Multi-location or Wide Area Progressive machines are linked from one casino to another across a wide area.
Classic slot machines were first invented in 1895.
One of the reasons that people play at online casinos is so that they can recreate the casino experience online in the comfort of their own home.
For more articles about online slots machines check http://www.onlinecasinosgames-onlinegamb… These machines are the classic one-armed bandits and they are readily available for your playing pleasure from most of the online casinos out there. They are the ones with the touch of lady luck, which may change your lifeline to one of dreams. .
Conventional Slot Machines
Video Slot Machines
Different slot machine will offer different slot games.
You play the progressive slot machine for the sheer anticipation of winning the life changing money.
Free Slot Machines
ONLINE SLOT MACHINE TYPES
The three types of progressive slot machines are:
o Individual or Stand Alone
o In-house or Linked
o Multi-location or Wide Area Progressive. The Chances of hits are more often, however the jackpot is lesser than the much more widely linked third type. They were designed with the purpose of occupying the amateur gambler, as well as the wives and girlfriends of gambling men. The idea was that if the women were occupied, the men would be able to gamble away. Each of the above categories can overlap with progressive slot machines because the only thing that denotes a progressive slot machine is the fact that it has a progressive jackpot attached to it. The aim was to provide a game that required no skill or prior gambling knowledge and that could be played without having to place large bets. Slot machines today are designed to be exact duplicates of the original classic slots machine.
International Gaming Technology (IGT) first introduced progressive slot machines, in 1986. The machine is self-contained and due to this reason the jackpot will be lesser than the other linked types.
Linked or In-house machines as the name suggests are electronically linked to other slot machines in a casino. They are owned and operated by an independent owner and the casino gets a percentage share of the winnings. The restrictions are placed on the class of machine that can be operated in a US casino or gaming area. The jackpot to be won on a progressive slot machine increases with the increase of coins played and the number of players.
When you take that diversity online, you will find that it absolutely explodes. The jackpot to be won is huge. With the progressive slot machines the trick is to always wage the maximum credits per spin. In fact, they have become so successful that they bring in 60-70% of gaming revenue in the United States. A random number generator is used in all slot machines to ensure that each spin of the reels has an equal chance to hit the jackpot. And with that in mind, most online casinos will offer conventional slot machines modeled after the slot machines you might encounter in a land-based casino you visit http://m88day.com
For some time now, Vietnam has been making noise now about lifting its longstanding ban on letting its locals gamble in casinos in their own country.
Recent “determined actions” to tighten border crossings have staunched the flow somewhat at certain crossings: from 500 people per day to just 100-150 at Tay Ninh and from 1,500 down to 500 per day at My Quy Tay in Long An province. Most of those crossing the border claim to be going for tourism, when all that lies across the border is, in the words of Vietnamnet, “wasteland and the casinos.”
The crackdown has led to a lucrative side business for ‘brokers’ who either guide Vietnamese gamblers across the border via backwoods trails or who pay border guards to look the other way.
Or maybe things are going precisely as planned. “One can remove border markers, but one can’t remove five-story hotels.”
There are 54 casinos and 36 cockfighting pits along Vietnam’s 789-mile border with Cambodia. Cambodia has suggested it would be forced to follow Vietnam’s lead rather than seeing the current situation reversed, i.e. The Grand Ho Tram Strip has bravely offered its facilities for a pilot project but Vietnam continues to stall. But investigating these cases can prove difficult because, as Ministry official Vu Hoang Kien told Thahn Nien News, the victim’s families are “often too scared to report honestly, if they decided to report to police at all.”
February 8, 2015. Kien believes the failure to control the border is the result of poor bilateral cooperation between the two countries. Back in 2012, Cambodia prime minister Hun Sen told his nation’s parliament that border casino construction had been a “secret strategy” to prevent any potential invasion by Vietnam.
Casinos on Cambodia’s border with Vietnam are seeing fewer gamblers after Vietnamese authorities imposed tougher border crossing rules. There are 24 different border gates through which over 1.6m Vietnamese traveled in 2014. dealing with media horror stories of kidnap and murder of Cambodian citizens in some other nation’s den of iniquity. Vietnam’s Ministry of Public Security said it was responding to increased reports of its citizens being held hostage or even killed after gambling at Cambodian casinos. Around 234k of these are believed to have made the trip for gambling purposes, while police say others are suspected of loan sharking for Vietnamese clientele while in Cambodia See this https://m88u.com/m88-kh.html
Jimmy Walker, Brandt Sendeker, Danny Lee, Jason Dufner – 40 to 1 odds each
Matt Kuchar shot -14 under last week to finish alone in 3rd place at the Byron Nelson. Chappell also finished alone in 2nd place at the RSM Classic and the Arnold Palmer this season so he’s been close to winning but he’s still a maiden on tour.
Chris Kirk is the defending champion in this tournament but that was the last of his four PGA Tour wins. Chris Kirk, Charl Schwartzel – 35 to 1 odds each. In his last four tournaments he’s failed to crack the top 25 and he finished last week tied for 66th. Adam Scott has two wins in 2016 and 13 total wins on the PGA Tour. Nuff said. Tony Finau tied for 12th last week. Charley Hoffman – 25 to 1
Bill Haas tied for 43rd place last week. Kevin Na, Louis Oosthuizen, Patrick Reed, Jim Furyk – 33 to 1 odds each
Colt Knost is 30 and he’s yet to win on tour but he tied for 3rd at the Players and was 4th last week in his last two starts. Zach Johnson – 22 to 1
Listed below are the betting odds and comments for each player who has odds of 50 to 1 or less to win this week. Could he win again this year? Maybe, but who wants to bet on it?
T-7. Colt Knost, Tony Finau, Marc Leishman, Kevin Kisner, Patton Kizzire – 50 to 1 odds each
The 2016 Dean & DeLuca golf tournament on the PGA Tour is taking place this week from May 26-29, 2016, at the Colonial Country Club located in Fort Worth, Texas. Zach Johnson does have two wins in this tournament (2010, 2012).
David Toms won this tournament in 2011. Jordan Spieth – 6 to 1
Adam Scott finished tied for 12th at the Players two weeks ago in his last start. Haas has six PGA Tour wins and he was second at the Valspar in March so he’s a mild threat to win this week. After missing the cut in his two previous starts, Jimmy Walker tied for 24th last week. Ryan Palmer missed the cut last week. Brandt Snedeker has missed the cut in his last two starts and in three of his last four tournaments but he did tie for 2nd place here last year just one stroke off the lead.
Boo Weekley won this tournament in 2013. Don’t be fooled, though, as Kuchar also finished 3rd at the Players but that is not winning. Adam Scott – 11 to 1
T-19. On top of that, Bohn suffered a heart attack during the Honda Classic back in February. Ben Hogan holds the record for most wins in the tournament with five. But Jason Bohn did finish tied for 2nd in this tournament last year just one stroke off the lead.
Good luck to all the PGA golfers and especially the bettors this week at the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational at Colonial in Fort Worth, Texas!
Kevin Na has one career win in 314 starts. Schwartzel won the Valspar Championship in March and he could play well this week.
4. He has three PGA Tour wins but his last win was in 2010.
Jason Bohn – 100 to 1 odds
6. Louis Oosthuizen’s lone PGA win remains the 2010 British Open and he missed the cut last week.
T-17. He’s a big threat this week to win.
Other than a 5th place finish at the Arnold Palmer in March, Zach Johnson has not played well enough to win in 2016. That was the last of his three PGA Tour wins.
Boo Weekley – 80 to 1 odds
Since winning the Texas Open for his 4th PGA Tour win on April 21st, Charley Hoffman finished 11th at the Zurich Classic, missed the cut at the Players and finished tied for 12th last week at the Byron Nelson. Matt Kuchar has not won a PGA Tour event in over two years now and he should be higher odds to win this week.
The Dean & DeLcua Invitational dates back to 1946. Charl Schwartzel tied for 58th place last week but that was his first tournament since he missed the cut at the Masters. Jim Furyk has one win on tour since 2010 and he’s making just his third start back after wrist surgery. He won the Puerto Rico Open for his first career win at the end of March. Danny Lee has one win on tour and he finished tied for 18th last week. Chappell is lower odds here because he finished alone in 2nd place at the Players in his last start. Scott won this tournament in 2014 beating Jason Dufner in a playoff. Here is a list of the betting odds for the PGA golfers to win the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational.
5. Jordan Spieth was in position to win last week at the Byron Nelson playing with Brooks Koepka in the final pairing Sunday just two strokes back but Spieth shot a 74 and ended up tied for 18th place. Toms has 13 career PGA Tour wins including a major but he’s not won a tournament since 2011.
3. Players like Phil Mickelson, Lee Trevino and Zach Johnson are tied for the second most wins with two each.
1. Patrick Reed has finished alone in 2nd place three times this season but has not won a tournament since January of 2015. Kevin Chappell – 28 to 1
T-13. Kirk missed the cut in his last start at the Players. While the meltdown is not a good sign, Jordan Spieth did miss the cut the week before at the Players in his first start since the Masters so he is rounding into form and he did tie for 2nd place in this tournament last year.
At age 29, Kevin Chappell is still looking for his first PGA Tour win. Then a few notable golfers with much higher odds are listed along with comments why.
Jason Dufner has a win in 2016 and he’s finished second in this tournament twice in the past (2012, 2014). Bill Haas, Ryan Palmer – 45 to 1 odds each
2. Patton Kizzire is 30 and still looking for his first PGA Tour win.
Jason Bohn only has two career wins and his last win was in 2010 and he’s missed the cut in his last three PGA Tour starts. Marc Leishman has one career win in 188 starts. Matt Kuchar – 14 to 1
T-11. At age 32, Kevin Kisner has one career win and he missed the cut in his last two starts. He’s a mild threat here to get his 6th PGA win here.
At odds of 6 to 1, Jordan Spieth is the betting favorite this week to win the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational
By doing this you are able to usually obtain the views of specialist punters and the best horse betting racing systems.. They also can make you eliminate your bet. You need to make inquiries from effective punters about the perfect horse betting racing systems. The most effective horse betting system isn’t the one that promise large revenue instantly but instead the ones that acknowledge the dangerous betting organization but nevertheless are in a position for making you fantastic profits.
Make your bets wisely. The sellers with the best betting techniques have no trouble supplying you this present as they’re assured that their systems will not fail their clients. These sorts of people today can enable you to make the best judgements.
I have been working online for 3 years. Take a look at the examination given with the betting system and use this instead of your instinct to make clever judgements.
Exploration about the various techniques obtainable will save you from shedding bets. It truly is very important to exercising discernment when deciding upon horse betting methods.
Click here to Go Horse Betting Racing System
It truly is also advisable to be a part of and subscribe to pages which specialize in betting. Stay away from those sellers with issues giving refunds wherever the program fails to satisfy the purchaser.
Owing on the substantial betting challenges, it is advised that the punter employs daily news money to spot the bets during the initial stages.
Be open-minded and rational when deciding on your program. I create my own but also sell other people’s products. You will find also quite a few cons who market these methods. It will also assist you to evaluate the position within the tracks and make sound judgements in future.
Horse betting racing techniques can receive you a great deal of cash. You can find a lot of systems which promise humongous earnings and several punters are already disappointed after shedding their money making use of these systems. This may help you make assessment in the betting program that you’ve bought. Get as a lot details as you can to the numerous methods from textbooks and world wide web resources. There are several systems that can help out however the decision will be yours. I practice different ways of marketing. I really like Badminton and Basketball, I draw when I have time and enjoy my life with my friends and family.
The other thing to complete would be to look for a betting system which has a 100% guarantee of returning your income if it fails
In this country, gaming companies bet people on whether the central bank’s interest will increase or not. Otherwise, Australia is the only country that allows online bets on sports but prevents gamblers from using the Internet to place bets during live games.
Era of Online Gambling
Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,288
Top Online Gambling Mistakes
Singapore offered the very first casino some years ago which then became the world’s third largest-gaming center after Macau and Las Vegas. According to business advisory firm MAG Consulenti Associati, the electronic gaming makes up half of Italy’s total gaming revenues in first half of 2011.
The potash-rich province of Saskatchewan is home to the biggest gamblers in Canada. Reportedly, over 75 percent of adult Canadians took part in the games last year in which the most popular games are lotteries and Scratch and Win cards.
Related links:. Most profits go to education, arts and culture.
Gambling’s Famous Icons
Las Vegas is well-known as the gambling industry of the world; however, American people are not the biggest gamblers on Earth. H2 Gambling Capital has released the list of biggest gambling countries due to average gaming losses.
Gaming Losses Per Adult: $517
Gaming Losses Per Adult: $553
Australia is the craziest country when it comes to gaming and gambling. Furthermore, the slot machines named pokies are the most favorite game in Australia with an estimated number of 75-80 percent of problem gamblers. Although the government has imposed an entry fee of S$100 ($80.50) for citizens entering the casino, the country’s gaming revenue is expected to hit $6.4 billion in 2011 and outpace Las Vegas.
Australia: Biggest Gambling Country in the World
Gaming Losses Per Adult: $1,174
Gaming Losses Per Adult: $568
The most favorite gambling activity in Italy is electronic gaming machine.
Interestingly enough, the country’s national lottery company, Veikkaus, belongs to the government and is operated by the ministry of education
By handicapping the horses and race conditions and studying the various mathematical models, you may make money betting on horse racing.
You might also read online blogs about horse racing in order to make money by betting on horse racing. You will find that most horse racing blogs are moderated and maintained by experts who have developed reliable handicapping systems and are more than willing to share secrets with subscribers. In addition, track the performance of each horse and knowing whether the performance of the horse is improving with maturity or declining with age. In addition, I suggest that you concentrate on only one or two race tracks every horse betting season. I use “How to ‘Place Bet’ on Favorites for a Living” by Mohammed Ali. In addition, many of these blogs feature online-discussion forums on which you can swap information about effective betting methods and systems.
Make money betting on horse racing by learning how to handicap the horses properly by reading the articles on this site. While there is no guarantee that anyone will win consistently by betting on horse races, recent developments in computer software and handicapping methods have reduced the amount of financial risk. I do not use a computer software to make money on betting on horse racing. You will also need to know how each horse performs in a variety of weather and track conditions and whether there is a synergy between the horse and a particular jockey. You will find the “Daily Racing Form” available at most newsstands, at horse racing venues and by direct-mail subscription as well as online downloads.
Finally, use online resources, such as TwinSpires, to make bets online and receive free tips on handicapping
. In addition, I suggest using a system that has been proven. I spend my time knowing the Southern California race tracks
In addition, I suggest that you review all race results on a regular basis by studying copies of the “Daily Racing Form.” This newspaper can be instrumental in teaching you how to handicap properly and win more money
When you absolutely must stop gambling right now, here are 10 steps you can take today.
STEP 5: CARRY RESOURCES WITH YOU AT ALL TIMES
Get or print off pro gambling recovery literature & carry it with you at all times.
Read it daily, especially in first months. He is an author, life coach, sponsor, & former GA chapter president, husband, & stepfather.
STEP 6: BAN YOURSELF FROM GAMBLING (ONLINE AND OFF)
If you go to a local casino, take a caring friend and ban yourself for life.
If you play online, contact the online casino and have your account closed permanently, & demand to be banned from their site. It may sound funny, but joining a group of fellow recovering gamblers gives you strength & power over your gambling. Call them ANYTIME you need to. Its best to find someone who’s been in your shoes, but hasn’t gambled in quite some time.
Make sure you like them, they have your best interest in mind, & truly do help you. Know that there are 1000’s of recovering gamblers. -Author Unknown.
These 10 steps are an excellent start to stopping gambling today.
If you have any unanswered questions or need to be pointed in the right direction email firstname.lastname@example.org
STEP 4: SUBMIT YOURSELF TO A PROGRAM OF RECOVERY
What does this mean exactly? It means you must submit,commit, & trust in the program of recovery you choose. (because it is the truth).
STEP 10: GET 1 ON 1 SUPPORT.
Stopping Gambling isn’t easy. This includes credit cards, debit cards, access to bank accounts, checks, loans, etc. (Email the author at email@example.com for online communities you can join today).
STEP 1: GET RID OF YOUR MONEY
If you want to stop gambling right now, the first step begins by stopping to carry money. He’s overcome his own addiction to gambling & has helped many others do the same. Connect your gambling with the the negative consequences its brought into your life.
STEP 9: HAVE A PLAN IN PLACE FOR YOUR NEXT URGE
When your next urge comes, what will you do? You’ll need to know the answer to this.
Jason is a recovered compulsive gambler of over 5 years and a certified professional life coach. Know what to do & who to call if a thought or urges to gamble hits you….(and unfortunately they will).
To learn the secrets to stopping gambling now, & to get 1 on 1 coaching from Jason visit http://www.livegamblefree.com or email Jason at firstname.lastname@example.org
STEP 2: GET HELP TODAY
To overcome something as powerful as a gambling problem or addiction, we must get help from others.
Help is out there in many forms. In the moment, you’ll want a plan of action to take when the urge to gamble attempts to overwhelm you.
By Jason Coleman, Certified Professional Life Coach
Your rating: None Average: 3 (3 votes)
There is but one good throw upon the dice, which is, to throw them away. Combat this with the previous 9 steps & a one on one coach, sponsor, or therapist. Inpatient Treatment is another. A gambling problem is very strong, plays many tricks on on our minds, & tries to convince us of many lies. You make lifelong friends who will always understand and care.
This step can be done by attending Gamblers Anonymous, Celebrate Recovery, & finding online support and help. In the beginning the constant thoughts and urges to gamble can be intense. Have phone numbers listed for people to call who support you in your recovery. Know that if they can do it, you can too. Gamblers Anonymous is one. You trust that the program will solve your gambling problem, as long as you never give up on it.
STEP 8: STAY HOPEFUL
Only those who never give up on themselves & their program of recovery beat gambling. Put up pictures of them & when you see it, remember that’s who you’re stopping for.
Recognize that if you gamble, you’re letting them down.
Remind yourself of all the bad things that have been caused by your obsession to gamble. If you gamble online, get gamblock today.. There are therapists, counselors, & life coaches out there trained to help you stop. If needed, list them out. There are 1000’s of people who once were severely addicted to gambling, haven’t gambled for months and even years. You help yourself and others triumph over a common enemy. Carry only a very small budget for food each day and thats it.( absolutely no more than $5). The only time casinos won’t let you gamble, is when you don’t have what they want……money.
STEP 3: JOIN A COMMUNITY OF RECOVERING GAMBLERS
Recovering in numbers is key. Good help seems to come from ex-gamblers themselves because they’ve been there, & they understand. Carrying recovery reading & phone numbers help. If you want to stop starting right now, block all access to money. Don’t know where to turn to for help? Email email@example.com
STEP 7: REMIND YOURSELF WHY YOU’RE STOPPING, & FOR WHO.
Make a list of the people you love & love you back
many cases of AIDS have been autopsied that we didn’t even know had AIDS.”
Running Dugas to ground, however, was pointless. At the time, there were no criminal laws penalizing the willful spread of a known fatal disease (since then, law changes allow charges of attempted and pre-meditated murder to be brought in many states against anyone who is HIV-positive purposefully engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse with an unwitting partner).
The disease it spawned was rechristened, in light of its indiscriminate virology, to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS. That same year that 248 cases of the disease were reported, local health departments in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta began investigating.
Of the 248 cases known before the detection of the virus, interviewing led to the shocking revelation that at least 40 AIDS victims had one thing in common: all had either had sex with a certain male, blond, gregarious Air Canada flight attendant, or they had sex with someone who did. This networking connection was made in 1984, and it was critical – it meant medical and public health officials investigating the source of AIDS might have finally gotten the breakthrough they needed.
The direct lineage of HIV-1 was traced to two groups of mutations that formed in the primates that carried the simian version. One of the groups was dated to between 1847 and 1907; another subgroup dated to between 1606 and 1871. HIV-2 made the leap most likely between the date range of 1856 and 1922. Thus, it can be seen some prototypical version of the AIDS virus can be dated to the early 17th century.
In the end one can see there is no modern-day “Patient Zero”.
Almost any medical professional worth his or her license, whenever a patient dies of a strange ailment, takes the precaution of preserving tissue and blood samples for future research. It is extremely fortunate that some doctors going all the way back to the late 1950s had been so far-sighted. Working backward and re-examining suspicious or otherwise unresolved deaths from contagion globally proved enriching in piecing together the history of AIDS.
Less Than Zero
“I’m Candy – Fly Me!”
By April of 1982, 248 cases of the disease were reported nationwide with many others too afraid or indifferent to see a doctor. A virus was isolated in 1983 by French scientists (as Europeans were also recognizing and treating patients with “gay cancer”, many of whom were decidedly not gay).
The music scene was fueled by this gay celebration, none more blatantly than by a vocal group of disco hustlers calling themselves “The Village People”. They dressed in favorite and stereotypical gay icon costumes – a policeman, a construction worker, a cowboy, a gay biker, and a Native American. They were hugely successful for a short time with big sellers “In the Navy” and “YMCA”. More subtly, Donna Summer performed her brand of dance music that was embraced by the gay community as was she.
Gateway to the West
Meanwhile, as a symbolic sign of the coming Armageddon, Studio 54 was forced to close its doors for liquor license violations and tax evasion; entrepreneurs Steve Rubell and his business partner were sentenced to short terms of imprisonment. [Rubell later died of AIDS.]
The discrimination in the labor market meant the United States Supreme Court had to step in and force airlines to hire male flight attendants. This happened in 1971 after nearly 20 years of female-dominated service. Even then, the Court’s decision forcing US airlines to hire men was greeted with derision in the press. It also raised homophobic fears of placing men in such a servile and sexualized role. The swelling in his legs was bothersome, his genitals and legs were covered in scrofulous skin, and his testicles were severely swollen. He was also emaciated (having lost much weight suddenly), and even though he was an African-American male he was considered “pale”. He also had shortness of breath. His symptoms led his caregivers at Barnes Hospital to conclude that one of his problems was lymphedema (a swelling caused by lymphatic problems). This was only a tiny part of his health issues, however.
Gay and straight partiers alike finally found their Valhalla, however, in New York City in a crummy little club in the 1970s called Studio 54. This rat hole was converted into a hot spot known all over the world. Celebrities fell all over themselves to get in and be seen there. Its allure was its faux air of exclusivity. No club before or since carried the cachet of Studio 54. Co-founded and owned by a cabaret-style, (almost a caricature) flamboyantly gay man, Steve Rubell, and a straight-laced heterosexual lawyer, this kitschy club defined hipsters in the Seventies.
A strange disease lurked among the gay denizens and creepers of the bath houses, though. Men began dying of pneumonia and other respiratory illnesses, but only after drastically losing weight and developing horrific skin lesions on their faces, necks, backs, and chests. This disease became known in the gay community as “gay cancer”. It was particularly volatile, and it progressed rapidly. Dugas caught it early, possibly with his first encounter in the New York gay bathhouse on Halloween 1980.
In 1976, a Norwegian sailor, designated with the alias “Arvid Noe”, died; his wife and nine-year-old daughter died the next year of the same wasting disease. In 1961, the 15-year-old Noe had sailed on his first voyage to Africa. He worked a merchant vessel that plied along Africa’s west coast from mid-1961 to mid-1962; during this voyage he was treated for gonorrhea. He sailed again to Africa in 1964, with a port of call in Kenya in eastern Africa. In 1966, Noe started suffering from chronic joint pain and recurrent lung infections. By 1968, he could no longer pass a physical to sail, so he worked as a long-haul truck driver.
The very first air flight attendants (in the 1920s) were men. These positions were desirable; the men who did these jobs executed their duties more like up-scale, futuristic train porters and ship stewards than as menials. As with many professions in that era (especially in service jobs such as telephone operators, bank tellers, et al) the sky porters known as “stewards” were exclusively male. World War I saw the shift from male to female telephone operators and bank tellers; with a dearth of male workers during World War II, employers turned to the fairer sex to fill their employment needs in the airline industry, too.
Of a most enlightening nature was Rayford’s adamant refusal of any rectal exams. It seemed that he may have been exposed to homosexual activity (assuming the submissive role in anal intercourse). One of his attending physicians believed that he had been a victim of sexual abuse (a very likely scenario considering Rayford’s socio-economic background). He could also have been “pimped out” against his will by someone who procured males to engage with him. To date, this aspect of his life is unclear.
For one gay man, however, being a steward was all he’d needed to satisfy both his wanderlust and his physical lust.
Grethe Rask was a Danish surgeon who had traveled to Zaire in 1972 to lend medical aid for the sick there. She returned to Denmark in 1976 and became relentlessly ill. Her symptoms confounded her colleagues. She died in December 1977. Several years later in 1984, it was confirmed through testing she was HIV-positive. During her time in Zaire, it was known she was directly exposed to blood – it is believed this was the source of her infection.
Diverting conversations occurred between Rayford and his primary care givers when questioned about his sexual activities. His doctors had not considered homosexuality initially, and all conversations, such as they were, seemed to be taken as referring to female sexual contacts.
Before Robert Rayford in the US, there was a possible case found in a dead Jamaican native named Ardouin Antonio. He came to the US in 1927. He was working as a shipping clerk for a clothier when he died at age 49 on June 28, 1959, in Manhattan. He had developed a very rare kind of pneumonia, seemingly out of the blue. Decades later the doctor who had performed Antonio’s autopsy was asked to re-evaluate the case. Did he think Antonio possibly died of AIDS? “You bet . . Doctors, helpless to find the cause of death for the Noe family, preserved some tissue samples. In 1988, further testing showed Noe, his wife, and his daughter had all been HIV-positive
Dugas may have personally, and directly, been responsible for dozens of AIDS cases (and no telling how many more indirectly), but he did not bring AIDS to the US, nor was he the first confirmed AIDS victim. As noted, several California men and some Haitian immigrants were found later to have succumbed to the disease before Dugas.
Anal scarring also indicated repeated sexual penetration.
Without a precise diagnosis, Rayford’s cause of death was attributed to the catch-all vagary “loss of vitality”. Intractable fluid imbalance and lung disease were listed as contributors. An autopsy revealed a surprise – his body carried a very rare cancer called Kaposi’s sarcoma internally (though he had but one external lesion on his right thigh). [Today, this cancer and its lesions are bellwethers of AIDS.]
Because of the baffling nature of his case, doctors preserved several tissue and blood samples for later evaluation. In 1987, eighteen years after his death, molecular biologists at New Orleans’ Tulane University tested specimens of Rayford’s preserved blood and tissues. Their findings were stunning: a virus “closely related or identical to” HIV-1 was detected. Further confirmation testing in 1989 proved Robert Rayford (African-American teenage male of St.
From a front-line perspective
He wrote myriad articles on the subject and penned a stage play, “A Normal Heart”, that did well. In May 2014, this stage play was brought to the small screen. It was presented as a movie on HBO starring Jim Parsons (of “Big Bang Theory” TV fame). The story documented the earliest days of the AIDS epidemic in America told from the perspective of the New York City/Fire Island cohort. It is engaging: it is what TV can do (but usually fails to do except in rare cases like this one).
Instead, about the only thing that can be said of HIV is that its “Ground Zero” location was almost certainly Central Africa.
First denying he was sick, he later willfully and maliciously spread the disease to unsuspecting partners. After having casual sex in a darkened room once, a male interviewee later reported he had turned on a light in the room where Dugas lay naked on a bed. This man spotted the lesions (Kaposi’s sarcoma) that were the classic earmarks of “gay cancer” on Dugas’ chest. When he remarked upon it, Dugas replied sardonically, “It’s gay cancer. Maybe you’ll get it.”
Dugas remained unrepentant. He originally denied that whatever disease it was he had could be transmitted sexually. His own words on the subject: “Of course I’m going to have sex. Nobody’s proven to me that you can spread cancer.” His depraved indifference to his sexual partners’ well-being was summarized with “It’s their duty to protect themselves. They know what’s going on out there. They’ve heard about this disease.” The last element of his bitterness was voiced by his wish to take others with him: “I’ve got gay cancer. I’m going to die and so are you.”
Gaëtan Dugas was a French-Canadian born February 20, 1953. His life was on a collision course with history. In 1972, Dugas first became sexually active. [He would later claim he had over 2,500 sexual partners in his lifetime, whether all male is unknown. He may have been bisexual.]
In 1979, before Dugas was infected, a bisexual German concert violinist, Herbert Heinrich, died. In 1989, after testing of medical samples from his body, it was learned he was HIV-positive.
Certainly, the African-American teenager Robert Rayford (who had never been outside the city of his birth) was not Patient Zero, either – somebody had to give it to him in the first place.
Molecular research shows the AIDS epidemic of the 1980s stemmed from a viral strain that had entered the US via Haiti about 1966. Other strains have been isolated as well. As in cases like Robert Rayford’s, the disease died with him (though he probably infected others, those people likely did not have access to the sheer number of sexual partners that, for example, Gaëtan Dugas had, and died before spreading it much).
Gay men realized the danger. Many made the intuitive leap early that perhaps certain activities, such as anal intercourse, might be transmitting the causative agent. Others flatly refused to believe that their lifestyles might be endangering the health of themselves and of others. They felt it was a perceived backlash against gay men. Higher-profile gay men (many closeted during their lifetimes) and activists within the gay community began dying as well as underground sub-culture members (the “Crisco, leather, and fisting” set).
The dubious distinction of being America’s “Patient Zero” – the first documented and verifiable case of AIDS in the country – belongs not to Dugas but to a mildly mentally retarded black teenager named Robert Rayford (born ca. Louis.
The Greek letter “?” always refers to the end of an event or series, not its beginning. Dugas was “Patient Zero”, not “Patient ?” – if the intent was to use such a Greek designation, he would have been named “Patient Alpha” (“?” or “?”) for “the beginning”. It is known that Dugas from the earliest investigations, based on diagrams the CDC (and others) created interlinking sexual contacts among those diagnosed with or dead from the mystery disease, was referred to from the start as Patient Zero (not Omega or “O”).
The criteria for entry were pure sadism: one night only women might be allowed in; other times, a sloppily dressed man might be sent away while another, looking exactly like that man but “famous”, would be let in. Gay-themed parties were held there often, and casual sex in the bathrooms and the “exclusive” privacy lounge was common among attendees.
The teen seemed stabilized by late 1968 (when he was around 15 years old). He had been transferred to Deaconess Hospital by then, and in March 1969, however, all of his symptoms reappeared and rapidly worsened. His breathing labored; his white blood cell count (as part of routine blood work) was noted to have dropped dramatically. The only thing concurred at the time was that Rayford’s immune system had been somehow compromised. He developed a fever and died either in the late hours of May 15, 1969, or the early hours of May 16 (sources differ). His primary physician recalled, “Eventually his entire body constituted almost one wave of hard lumps and watery swellings.”
Update note:Dr. . It existed as “slim disease”; the condition was universally ignored though many Africans died after mysteriously wasting away. In 1959, about the time the Manhattan Jamaican shipping clerk died of his rare pneumonia, a blood sample from a Congolese man was taken and preserved. Years later, this proved to be HIV-infected. This Congolese man’s fate is unknown (whether he developed full-blown AIDS and died from it or not). Similarly, a preserved lymph-node biopsy specimen taken from a Congolese woman in 1960 later proved to be HIV-positive.
But, it doesn’t end there.
The music was disco, the dance beat adapted from gay men and their party scene. The mock S&M dance moves, the sweaty bodies, the throb of the music, the drugs consumed, and the fact that not just anyone could get in heightened its allure.
There is an interesting correlation between homosexuality and the airline industry. At least, there is a publicly perceived correlation as it pertains to airline flight attendants.
AIDS now had a face.
The Road to Zero
His first months in the hospital were spent with his doctors cutting back on his water and salt intake, and they wrapped and raised his legs, all to cut down on his tissue’s swelling. Despite this, the inflammation moved up his body and into his lungs. Antibiotics were tried in varying dosages, but Rayford’s condition continued to deteriorate.
On October 31, 1980 – ominously enough, Halloween night – the French-Canadian gay male steward Gaëtan Dugas visited a gay bathhouse for the first time on a layover in New York City.
One such mystery concerned the AIDS epidemic in America. As long as the killer remained comfortably within the gay community not much was done to investigate. As soon as AIDS found its way into the heterosexual population, though, suddenly America’s interest in ferreting out the cause was paramount. Panic stricken virologists and other epidemiologists worked feverishly to isolate the source of this sexually transmitted disease first endemic among homosexual men.
Mr. Somewhere, there was a Patient Zero, the epidemiological well-spring from which this plague spewed forth.
Thus, by the late 1940s male flight attendants were not only undesirable, they were suspect as well. Occupying a job with women that devoted itself to customer service, good manners, and fine grooming, the stewards garnered suspicions of being “queer”.
Both his wife and daughter developed an illness that mimicked his symptoms, and they died in 1977. Louis City Hospital, then transferred to Barnes Hospital (now Barnes-Jewish Hospital) in St. Memory Elvin-Lewis, thank you so much for not only your contributions to science but to my humble efforts at disseminating it for general readership. I truly appreciate it.
As early as his 13th year or sooner, he was sexually active. Beginning in 1966, he started having some physical problems that seemed chronic. His legs swelled, and he developed sores on his genitals and body.
Dating America’s exposure to AIDS is irrelevant: AIDS is a global problem. And continuing research has led to many more interesting facts about the spread of HIV.
Rayford lived in a brownstone in a poor neighborhood in St. By the 1950s, this homophobia was rampant, and in the conservative times of Eisenhower and McCarthyism, men were slowly pushed out of the steward jobs.
Gaëtan Dugas, the narcissistic and embittered flight attendant, alternately feeling morose and spiteful about his condition, was given the code name “Patient Zero”, the source of the AIDS epidemic in North America.
He led doctors to believe any of his sexual activities were strictly heterosexual, even claiming at one point to having a girlfriend (who failed to surface at the time). [This female was found some time later and was found to be in perfect health, relative to HIV and AIDS, from which one can only surmise she and Rayford had no intimate sexual intercourse or such activities were rare enough she was not exposed to critical levels by whatever ailed him.]
Certainly it was not Gaëtan Dugas (though, like Typhoid Mary over half a century before him, many deaths could be placed squarely on his doorstep).
The airline industry developed glamour. The titillation of a sexy stewardess in uniform, pandering to any business traveler’s ego, was priceless. These were women without boundaries, women who went anywhere, anytime. Therefore, they must be promiscuous. The unspoken possibility of sex with a globe-trotting gal was also alluring. Married women were aggressively discouraged from working as stewardesses. The single women, all within a certain preferred range of body type, height, and attractiveness, were wanton women (in the minds of the average male of the day). Although morbid obesity was not the problem in the 1940s it is today, there were no “big girls” on board.
And the real Patient Zero – the HIV-Adam or HIV-Eve – lived and most likely died there, somewhere in the Congo, unknown and unrecognized for the catastrophic role he or she would play in human history.
This doctor handled, and talked with (though reported as largely uncommunicative), Robert Rayford personally for a period during Rayford’s confinement, and also attended Rayford’s autopsy, confirming the KS diagnosis and noting the preservation of tissue samples that later were shown to carry the variant of the HIV-1 virus.
In America, the results of further research led to the conclusion that Gaëtan Dugas had not been the true “Patient Zero” after all.
A year earlier, a Portuguese man known only as Senhor José died under mysterious circumstances. He was treated at the London Hospital for Tropical Diseases to no effect. In later years, examination of preserved tissues verified he died of AIDS; the causative virus, HIV-2 was present, making him the first known confirmed victim. Genetic research on the virus indicated he probably contracted the disease in 1966 in Guinea-Bissau (on the northwest coast of Africa). Three gay men in California and six Haitian immigrants to the United States were later confirmed as AIDS victims from that same year.
Larry Kramer was actively and aggressively involved with what was then known as “gay cancer” in the early 1980s when the disease first made its poisonous presence visibly known in the United States as “gay cancer”.
Gaëtan Dugas died in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, on March 30, 1984, at the age of 31. His cause of death was kidney-failure brought on by his weakened condition from an onslaught of infections and ailments from AIDS.
He started out as a hairdresser. Wanting to travel, this French-speaking Canadian learned that flight attendants for Air Canada had to be bi-lingual. He moved to Vancouver and learned English to qualify for the job. He found work as a flight attendant on Air Canada. This career choice allowed him the freedom to move around the world, visiting exotic locales, and meeting many strange men for anonymous sexual encounters. In 1977, he was legally married in Los Angeles, California, in an illegal attempt to gain United States citizenship.
Current scientific research is clear: sometime in the 1930s, a simian form of immunodeficiency virus mutated sufficiently and made the leap across species to become a contagious disease of people.
Dugas, meanwhile, knew he was sick. He didn’t know exactly what was wrong, but he had developed the skin lesions, associated with “gay cancer”. But one can’t spread cancer, of course, because cancer isn’t contagious. He indiscriminately continued having sex with men as his whims overtook him. His “advantage” was his mobility – as a flight attendant, he might be in any part of the US, Canada, or the world on a moment’s notice. His bitterness about having gay cancer crossed over into his lackadaisical attitude about possibly harming others.
Concern for dying gay men was not paramount on America’s mind. As more cases of the mysterious killer emerged, the name was changed from “gay cancer” to “gay-related immune deficiency” (GRID). This, at least, was an open recognition that whatever was causing the disease was compromising a body’s immune system. It didn’t explain, however, the rather esoteric choice of gay men (and soon discovered, IV drug users) by an unintelligent, non-sentient pathogen as victims. It wasn’t until the first heterosexual cases of “gay cancer” emerged that the disease was examined more closely.
The commercial airlines recognized the goldmine presented by hiring female “stewardesses”. Certainly, they were paid less. There was also marketability in women that men did not have – women could be hawked by an airline as possible sex partners for the discriminating male traveler choosing its service over another.
Good investigative work requires dogged determination. Running an enigma to ground can take years.
In conjunction with Studio 54, other bars for gay men to frequent thrived. Another meeting place was the bath houses still found in many larger cities. Once serving the utilitarian function for neighborhood residents to bathe (considering most homes up until the late 1920s did not have indoor plumbing) these quaint reminders of The Good Old Days were social gathering places for gay men. They were prevalent in New York City and in San Francisco. [Bette Midler, a great favorite among gay men, got her start singing in gay bath houses; her piano player in those days was songwriter/musician Barry Manilow).
In his wake, one of the unfortunate legacies he left was a renewed homophobia relative to male flight attendants. They became a lightning rod for America’s fear and anger over AIDS and its links with homosexuality. “Patient Zero”, Gaëtan Dugas, was reviled; in death he was even accused of bringing HIV to North America and spreading it around the country.
He was admitted with multiple, and strange, symptoms (given his tender age). 1952-1953).
There is an apocryphal story that Patient Zero was really Patient “O” (as in the 15th letter of the English alphabet, first letter of the word “Omega” for the last letter of the Greek alphabet, ?). Furthermore, it was alleged that a journalist misinterpreted the “O” (for “?”), and instead wrote up his report, referring to the AIDS’ source as “Patient 0″ [“zero”] instead.
This makes little sense.
As further incentive to not hire men as flight attendants, the death of a gay steward in 1954 became a scandal sufficiently great to lead to a rash of “fag bashings” (both gay men and lesbians were targeted) in Miami, Florida. It was one of the nation’s worst anti-gay outbreaks in history.
Years later, once medical science, and particularly genetics testing, had reached a greater level of technological advance, a revision of the “Patient Zero” findings of 1984 seemed necessary. What was learned by later research was both fascinating and horrific simultaneously. It turned out, HIV had not only been in the world for over a century, but it had been in the United States as early as 1966.
The term “velvet rope” came into existence then – a red velvet rope (as one might see in a museum keeping patrons at a safe distance from a particularly priceless exhibit) became the literal and symbolic barrier between the plebes on the street and the hipsters within. Each night crowds gathered outside Studio 54’s doors; admission was granted whimsically by a group of door men and many times by Steve Rubell himself.
He had a chlamydia infection (a bacterial venereal disease), clearly indicating he was sexually active. His doctors also uncovered evidence of the herpes simplex virus and the virus responsible for Epstein-Barr. Robert Rayford was not terribly forthcoming with his doctors, partly due to his retardation leaving him mostly uncommunicative, but also because he was embarrassed by something.
The hedonism of the 1970s raged unchecked, and by the middle of the decade “gay” culture became pop culture. Gay male partiers in the mid 1970s found an outlet on New York’s Fire Island. Gay men rented time-share space in houses on the island and partied their summers away “in season”.
Tracing backward from Haiti (the source of the US strain in 1966) put the disease firmly in Central Africa. Memory Elvin Lewis
Dr. . Memory Elvin-Lewis was kind enough to respond to this piece in person.
Gaëtan Dugas fit right in with the gay community of the bath houses. He was blond, voluble, and open. Sex for him was a series of anonymous engagements, many times conducted hastily in bathroom stalls. He took on whatever he felt like. As well as many other men, he was developing what would become known as “The Clone Look”: close-cropped hair, largish but well-groomed mustache, muscle shirts, short shorts. [The quintessential version of “The Clone Look” would be Freddie Mercury (rock band Queen’s lead vocalist who died of AIDS) after about 1981.]
AIDS in the United States was isolated in pockets of contagion until the promiscuity (homosexual or otherwise) of the 1970s gave the disease a clear path of propagation in humans. IV drug use, on the rise in the 1970s and early 1980s, also provided another avenue of blood-exchange necessary for the virus to thrive.
Occasionally, medical mysteries initially thought solved are found later to have very different truths at their cores.
Noe’s condition stabilized, but then flared up again in 1975 (coincidentally the same year a strange disorder called “slim disease” was reported in Africa for the first time, the beginnings of epidemic AIDS). In addition to the respiratory condition and joint pains he developed motor skill problems and dementia before he died.
Homophobia was so great by the late 1950s almost no airlines in the United States would hire men as flight attendants – even Eastern and Pan Am stopped hiring stewards. Stewardesses, however, were very desirable. They were marketed as young, beautiful, and sexually available–this was hardly an acceptable career choice for any he-man. In the same way that the sexual orientation of male nurses was suspect, only “pansies” wanted to be stewards.
The End of Days was seemingly at hand.. Louis, Missouri) was the earliest confirmed victim of AIDS in North America.
This good person also kindly corrected some of the misinformation about Rayford via a personal e-mail and was also kind enough to forward professional papers on the subject. One such paper, in Lymphology from 1973, gives, perhaps, the best clinical synopsis of the case. Another article, entitled Documentation of an AIDS Virus Infection in the United States in 1968 (by the same doctor and others), is also a “must read” for anyone interested in the earlier origins of AIDS in America.
Finally, in 1968, the boy was admitted to St. It was so unusual at the time . . Louis, Missouri. His mother’s name was Constance Rayford, and he had a brother named George. Rayford was described as slender. His retardation left him relatively uncommunicative from shyness.
This virus, after much international wrangling for recognition of discovery (with a particularly aggressive and bombastic US virologist lobbying for a claim that he had found it first–he did not) was later named Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV.
AIDS is what defined the decade of the 1980s, a decade that lived in fear beneath the penumbra of a certain and tortuous death from a highly communicable pathogen. Kramer was a writer in New York and a part of the gay culture. He, however, decided that merely watching his friends die quietly wasn’t enough.
If your birthday falls in the range of April 6th thru April 13th, you will be luckier during the days of the Full moon. Do you have a dream or vision that you want to communicate to the world. A teacher educates a student and makes him or her socially capabl … If you are born under Aries, and are playing a game of chance with a partner, you will be luckiest when that partner is born under one of the following signs: Aquarius, Gemini, Leo, Sagittarius, or Libra.
People born in the date range of March 21st through April 19th have the Astrology sun sign of Ares the Ram. If you are going to gamble on the lottery during the month; you should buy your ticket on one of the following days: the 4th, 13th, 22nd, or 31st. When we look back, we can measure our progress by the way our thoughts and actions have defined our life.Tags: becoming, spiritual, near-death, God, mortality
Many sources hold that you are luckier during the day when your ruling planet is governing. As an Aries, you probably know your basic Horoscope, but did you know that there are particular days and hours of the Month which are especially lucky for you? Here are some times when you will be especially lucky.
===> Lucky Moon Days
Saturday: You are luckier during the 3rd, 10th, 17th, and 24th hour after sunrise.
About the Author:
Keith Abbott is the developer and owner of ‘Numerology 4 You’ where you can order your own Numerology reading, including your complete Lucky Days calendar. If it falls in the range of March 29th thru April 5th, you will be luckier during the days of the second quarter of the Moon. Uma regio muito privilegiada quanto paisagem e a pureza do ar.Tags: espiritualidade, sucesso e prosperidadeKaal Sarp Dosh Yog And Its Effects By: Vijay Bharti – Kaal Sarp Dosh is one of terrific condition in ones kundli so it require proper remedy and astrological consultation by Vedic Astrologers
Tags: kaal sarp yog puja, kaal sarp dosh puja, kaal sarp doshWhat Goes Around, Comes Around By: Connie H. Deutsch – Thinking outside the box actually requires you to suspend the thought process long enough for the answers to come into your mind. Deutsch – From the time we are born, we are always on our way to becoming something. The teacher teaches us how to survive on this earth by fighting with all the barriers of life. You must first connect. Therefore, any day of the month who’s digits reduce to (4) is a lucky day for people born under Aries. Learn to connect and the world is yours.Tags: Get over yourself, getting over yourself, get over myselfLuz Da Serra – Encontre O Seu Caminho De Luz By: Jill Cohen – O nome Luz da Serra nasceu de uma imensa admirao que os seus fundadores, Bruno J.Gimenes e Patrcia Cndido, sempre tiverem ao ver o pr do sol na serr gacha. Don’t play the victim when you are subjected to the same type of treatment you have meted out to others.Tags: universal law, victims, sow, reap, abusive behaviorA Teacher Helps Us To Nourish Our Career And Future By: savemypc – A teacher has a lot of importance in our life from the time we are born. Tags: experienced teacher in BrisbaneThe Most Unexpected Website I Came Across Was That Of The Grace Church! By: onlinejazz – Internet always throws up some surprise or the other for us anyways! The more we explore, the more we come across things! And most interestingly, we end up finding out websites that we never thought that existed.Tags: Christ Church videos, video sermons online, video sermonThinking Outside The Box By: Connie H. In other words, what goes around, comes around. Connecting with people is an art. Finally, if you were born in the range of April 14th thru April 19th, you will be luckier during the Moon’s fourth quarter.
Lessons In Surrender – Becoming More Spiritual By: Heidi Alexandra Pollard – It began with a feeling, then a sign, a nudge and then a book. A signal to change, to slow down, to breathe more deeply and to go within.Tags: spirituality, happiness, happy, success, personal developmentWhy Is It Important For A Doctor To Opt For Spiritual Retreat In Bali? By: Ashis Kumar – Here in this article you will find some points that describe why doctors opt for spiritual retreat in Bali.Tags: retreat bali, bali retreat, retreat, meditation, yogaGet Over Yourself, Connecting Is Key To Communicate Your Dream, So Get Over Yourself! By: Sandy Z – Everyone communicates but few connect. This number varies by the day of the week. Using fadic addition from Numerology gives us the sum of (13) which reduces to (4). Deutsch – It’s a universal law that says, what you sow, so shall you reap. In addition, you should look for the number (4) to appear in your winning numbers. Most people are so busy thinking that they don’t allow their minds to be quiet enough to receive the answers.Tags: outside the box, meditation, thinking, consciousness, astralWe’re On The Way To Becoming By: Connie H. Visit him on the web today at http://www.numerology4you.com
Monday: You are luckier during the 4th, 11, and 18th hours after sunrise.
Tuesday: You are luckier during the 1st, 8th, 15th, and 22nd hour after sunrise.
The celestial number of Aries is (7), and Mars, the ruling planet of Aries has a numerical value of (6). It is difficult to survive without a teacher. Connection comes from the heart. For people born under Aries, the following calculations hold.
Wednesday: You are luckier during the 5th, 12th, and 19th hour after sunrise.
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Friday: You are luckier during the 6th, 13th, and 20th hours after sunrise.
Sunday: You are luckier during the 7th, 14th, and 21st hours after sunrise.
Thursday: You are luckier during the 2nd, 9th, 16th, and 23rd hours after sunrise.
If you were birthday falls in the range of March 21st thru March 28th, you will be luckier during the days of the New Moon. You can determine this hour by starting at sunrise, and then counting forward to your lucky hours
They will, however increase the chances of a profitable day at the races by ensuring that your wager dollars go where they have the best chance of success. None of these systems will make you rich, or even guarantee that you will make a profit. With the BRIS pp’s you can use the Sire Production Factor in concert with the pedigree rating. This is another mistake that bettors make: in a race with a clear standout, many people give up on the win pool and bet their choice to place, thinking that they’ll get paid even if the favorite wins.
Horse Racing System #2 – Bet horses that have an excuse for a poor performance in their last race. This offers opportunity to more diligent players.
The horse with the best last race speed figure (whether Beyer, BRIS, or Equibase) may not be the best horse in the race, but he’s probably not far off, so we can use that as a proxy for selection purposes.
Looking for a dead simple horse racing system that will allow you to quit your job and make a living betting the horses in just 10 minutes a day? Good luck with that!
Horse Racing System #1 – In maiden races, bet the horse with the best last race speed figure that has had at least two career starts. The horse with the best combination of the two is the play.
Horse Racing System #3 – In maiden claiming races, bet the horse with the best pedigree. One of the few anomalies turned up by Michael Nunamaker in his pioneering computer study “Modern Impact Values”, published in 1994, was that horses breaking from the inside post position in route races won more than their fair share of races, and were under-bet by the public. The inside post in turf routes actually showed a small profit, but this was based on a small sample size and cannot be relied upon. My study suggests that’s not the case.
Horse Racing System #4 – Bet low-priced favorites to place. Few bother to even look at the comment line for the race, let alone take the trouble to seek out and watch the replay of the race. This system takes advantage of one of the few glaring inefficiencies in the parimutuel pools, namely that first and second time starters are badly over-bet.
Instead of blindly betting all horses breaking from the inside, you might use this to supplement your handicapping, paying particular attention to the inside horse, and betting it when you like the horse on other handicapping grounds. The inside post combined with early speed is a particularly potent combination, since the horse will not have to exert himself as much to gain his preferred position at the front of the pack.
For as long as humans have bet on horse racing there have been system sellers trying to con the gullible into parting with their hard earned money with the lure of easy profits to be made on the sport of kings. None of them work.
Horse Racing System #5 – Bet Horses breaking from the inside post in route races. I’ve identified some of the most useful handicapping factors that have a proven history of doing much better than the track takeout and put them together with some simple rules that should make your trips to the racetrack more fun and profitable. To the extent that most handicappers use pedigree at all, it’s usually to identify horses that may improve when switched to the turf, or those who may be expected to win as first time starters. In most case the public seems to take a horse’s last running line at face value. My own studies have shown a similar advantage for the inside post in routes.
Look for comment lines like “bled”, “lost rider”, “clipped heels”, “stumbled”, “steadied”, “between horses”, “rank”, and “jumped shadows” that suggest that a horse’s last race was not indicative of its true ability. Thanks for reading, and see you in the winner’s circle.
In that spirit. I was able to replicate this result in my own study of nearly 100,000 races conducted a decade later.
How do we identify the best pedigree, then? If you’re using the DRF past performances, use the stud fee as a proxy for quality, and the Tomlinson figure to judge suitability for the distance and surface. Most people who love horse racing would be thrilled just to win a little more and lose a little less on their trips to the track.
Second, the very nature of the parimutuel system itself means that any profits to be made from following a particular set of rules will quickly be arbitraged away as the followers of that system drive down the odds of horses chosen by the system.
First time starters return only about 60 cents on the dollar, and second time starters are only a little better, returning less than 70 cents on the dollar. Because speed figures have gained in popularity over the years, anyone following that system now would have trouble coming up with gas money for the ride home from the track.. If the tote board suggests that the public is overlooking these mitigating circumstances, make your play.
For instance, many speed figure handicappers reported making horse racing profits in the 60’s and 70’s simply by betting horses with the best last race speed figure. My computer studies of pedigree, based on nearly 100,000 races, suggest that using pedigree in that manner offers no advantage to the player.
This causes the favorite to be under bet in the place pool, leading to a profit opportunity for us to take advantage of by betting the favorite to place. It must follow, therefore, that if we bet the best horse that has started at least twice, we stand an excellent chance of beating the takeout, particularly in races that have several first and second time starters.
In fact, pedigree does not generally offer wager value with one curious exception: well bred horses do surprisingly well in maiden claiming races. Let me let you in on a little secret about these “magic formulas”. This is somewhat counter-intuitive since you’d expect that horses with good pedigrees that end up in the maiden claiming ranks probably can’t run at all. Just don’t expect to quit your day job.
In the first place, the parimutuel takeout in horse racing is large (over 15%) and the mutuel pools are relatively efficient, so that even systems with a strong basis in reality can’t overcome the size of the takeout.
However, just because systems won’t make you rich doesn’t mean there’s no place for them at all in a horseplayer’s arsenal. It should go without saying that you should actually like the favorite’s chances after evaluating the race with your own handicapping.
Nunamaker reported that the inside post in dirt route races won at a 20% greater than expected rate, and lost only 10 cents on the dollar, much better than the track take